Pensions are retirement benefits that employers promise to pay their employees after they’ve retired.
A portfolio is a collection of investments designed to (hopefully) avoid the risk of relying on a single investment.
Bonds are debt: IOUs issued by corporations and governments.
‘Indexes’ are measuring sticks for markets – lists of stocks designed to reflect how a broader group of stocks is doing.
Private Equity investors borrow money to buy companies, find hidden stashes of cash in them, and then sell them at a big profit.
Sovereign wealth funds are huge investment funds controlled by countries that got mega-rich selling oil, or in some other way.
Hedge Funds are investment firms that speculate in very specific areas, by trying to obtain more data (information) about those areas than anyone else.
Venture Capitalists are investors who pump millions of dollars into fast growing startups, hoping they’ll grow quickly and become huge successes.
Equity means ownership. It can also mean justice or fairness.
Assets are things you own or possess that have value.
Debt is when one person or company owes money to another person or company.
Dilution is when you add something into something else, and in the process make it weaker or less concentrated.
Interest rates are the cost of borrowing money.
Visibility is the ability to foresee (or not) what will happen in your business.